F. M. Alexander

Frederick Matthias Alexander was bone in Tasmania in 1869. He was a promising young actor, a reciter. However he began to suffer from vocal problems when he was performing. He took advice from doctors but did not get any fundamental solutions. Since there was no clear medical cause for the problem, Alexander thought that something he was doing when he was reciting might be the cause of his problem.

He observed himself in mirrors and noticed that he stiffened his neck, pulled his head back and down and depressed his larynx. This went with an audible gasping for air as he opened his mouth to speak. This tension pattern manifested more in reciting.

Alexander spent years to work out a way to prevent his habitual reaction in order to free himself from harmful tension pattern. He regained his system to function as a whole. He improved not only his vocal use, breathing and stage presence but also consequently improved his total health. People started coming to him to learn his discovery.

From about 1894, he started teaching the technique in Melbourne, and later in Sydney. A number of doctors sent their patients to him. In 1904 he brought his technique to London with letters of recommendation from a surgeon in Sydney.

He established a practice in London, published four books*. From the 1930s he trained teachers in his technique. He continued to teach until he passed away in London in 1955.

*Man’s Supreme Inheritance (1910), Constructive Conscious Control of the Individual (1923), The Use of the Self (1932),  The Universal Constant in Living (1941)


Frederick Matthias Alexander (1869-1955)は、1869年、オーストラリアのタスマニアに生れました。将来を有望された俳優でしたが、次第に、演技(朗唱)中に声がかすれて出なくなるという問題を抱えるようになりました。幾度も医師の診断を受け、のどを使うのを控えるようにという指示にも従いました。すると、一時的に回復しましたが、朗唱をはじめると、またすぐに声がかすれ、問題の根本的な解決にはなりませんでした。医学的な原因が明らかにならなかったことから、朗唱するときに「自分がしていること」に問題の原因があるのではないかと考えるようになりました。